“Geomatics Engineering is a modern discipline, which integrates acquisition, modeling, analysis, and management of spatially referenced data, i.e. data identified according to their locations. Based on the scientific framework of geodesy, it uses terrestrial, marine, airborne, and satellite-based sensors to acquire spatial and other data. It includes the process of transforming spatially referenced data from different sources into common information systems with well-defined accuracy characteristics”. (www.geomatics.ucalgary.ca) […]
Geomatics Engineering, Geomatic Engineering, or Geospatial Engineering is a rapidly developing discipline that focuses on spatial information (i.e. information that has a location). The location is the primary factor used to integrate a very wide range of data for viewing and analysis. Geomatics engineers apply engineering principles to spatial information and implement relational data structures involving measurement sciences, thus using geomatics and acting as spatial information engineers. Geomatics engineers manage local, regional, national and global spatial data infrastructures.
Geomatics is a new term incorporating the older field of land surveying along with many other aspects of spatial data management. Following the advanced developments in digital data processing, the nature of the tasks required of the professional land surveyor has evolved and the term “surveying” no longer accurately covers the whole range of tasks that the profession deals with. As our societies become more complex, information with a spatial position associated with it becomes more critical to decision-making, both from a personal and a business perspective, and also from a community and a large-scale governmental viewpoint.
Therefore, the geomatics engineer can be involved in an extremely wide variety of information gathering activities and applications. Geomatics engineers design, develop, and operate systems for collecting and analyzing spatial information about the land, the oceans, natural resources, and manmade features. Geomatics engineering applications include integrating science and technology from both new and traditional disciplines:
- Geodesy, also called geodetic science
- Global Positioning System (GPS) or Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)
- Surveying (including land, cadastral, aerial, mining and engineering surveying)
- Cartography, computer and digital mapping
- Geographic information systems (GIS) and geographic information science
- Computer-aided design (CAD) and computer aided visualization
- Hydrography, navigation, topographic and spatial computing
- Remote sensing
- Image understanding
- Land information systems (LIS)
- Real Property boundary determination
- Applications programming
- Project management
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